The E.A.T. + LOD Project Wikibase Project Page
Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T) was an organization founded by Robert Rauschenberg and Billy Klüver that operated from the mid-sixties to the late-seventies. The organization brought together artists and engineers to collaborate with each other on a variety of projects, with the express goal of transforming both industries. According to the E.A.T. mission statement, "To firmly establish the artists' free access to technology, engineering and the technical processes is not only a cultural, educational or aesthetic problem but amounts in fact to an organic social revolution."
The Semantic Lab's E.A.T. + LOD project seeks to find new ways of using archival documents as a source for linked data. It is a part of our ongoing collaboration with the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation and explores a pivotal moment in both art and science history.
The E.A.T + LOD Project falls under the larger umbrella of Robert Rauschenberg Projects (record), and has a subproject with its own name and scope, the "E.A.T Bibliography Project" (record | description).
Record creation and editing for this project focus on archival metadata, performance information, and other relationships derived from archival texts. Input is ongoing.
The source for our information is a series of 141 documents and photographs provided by the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation Archives, as well as an oral history transcript with Julie Martin, former E.A.T. Director. Our goal is to model information about E.A.T. (finding connections between people, places, things, and ideas) using a relationship coding methodology on these documents. The first step is to enter information about the documents themselves into our Wikibase. Using information provided by the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, we were able to create a series of properties to describe these documents.
|Property ID||Property label||Property description||Wikidata equivalent|
|P1||instance of||that class of which this subject is a particular example and member||P31|
|P74||creator||entity (person, organization, etc.) that caused a record or collection to be produced, or, the maker of this creative work or other object||P170|
|P82||title||title of a work, such as a newspaper article, a literary work, a website, or a performance work. This could also be a label ascribed to an archival document by an archives||P1476|
|P98||date||date or point in time associated with the work||P585|
|P134||reported date||date as reported in referenced source||N/A|
|P141||EDTF||a property to record the date in EDTF format as a string||N/A|
|P125||location||location of the object, structure or event||P1071|
|P103||published in||larger work that a given work was published in, like a book, journal or music album. Includes news outlet/periodical that published the article.||P1433|
|P84||publisher||organization or person responsible for publishing a document||P123|
|P136||credit line||credit for creation of document as stated in the original source||N/A|
|P130||description||description given for the document in the E.A.T. Bibliography||N/A|
|P77||main subject||primary topic of a work||P291|
|P78||sender||person sending a shipment to be delivered, as in mail.||N/A|
|P79||addressee||person or organization to whom a information, letter or note is addressed||P1817|
|P138||archives collection||institution holding the archives||N/A|
|P81||copyright holder||person or organization who holds the copyright of a work||P3931|
|P142||copyright statement||a property to record copyright information about an item||N/A|
|P96||part of||object of which the subject is a part; indicates an item that this item is part of||P361|
|P11||part of project||describes project components such as properties, objects, agents, etc. which are part of a Semantic Lab project||N/A|
|P8||wikidata Q number||Wikidata Q number (not the entire URI)||N/A|
|P9||wikidata URI||Wikidata URI||N/A|
|P137||certainty (qualifier)||qualifier expressing the level of confidence for the information given in a value||N/A|
|P139||sourcing circumstances (qualifier)||qualification of the truth or accuracy of a date: circa, near, presumably, etc.||P1480|
|P140||location type (qualifier)||qualifier for use with the location property to add additional detail about the relationship between the item and the location property||N/A|
As we start to code relationships within the content of our collection, one main focus has been connecting art works with their specific performances, and the events at which they were performed. Our practice is to duplicate information across these different pages for easy querying. An example can be seen with the work Pelican, with its specific performance Pelican (First New York Theater Rally performance), at the event First New York Theater Rally.
A number of properties used to model this performance data are reused from previous Semantic Lab projects, like “Linked Jazz” (record | description). Beyond existing Semantic Lab Wikibase properties, we also looked to Wikidata (specifically WikiProject Theatre and WikiProject Performing arts), the Music Ontology, the Carnegie Hall Project, and Schema.org. Here are the properties that were created specifically with the E.A.T. + LOD Project in mind.
|Property ID||Property label||Property description||Source|
|P117||role||part assumed by an entity with relation to a group, event, production, or institution. Created alongside group discussions and ISR project. Should be used as a qualifier.||Derived from Wikidata.|
|P125||location||location of the object, structure or event.||Derived from Wikidata.|
|P126||performer||actor, musician, band or other performer associated with this role or musical work. To be used as a qualifier when there is no room to use role.||Derived from Wikidata.|
|P127||work performed||used to connect an event or performance to an artwork.||Similar to Music Ontology’s performance_of.|
|P128||performance instance||used to connect an artwork to a performance.||Similar to Music Ontology’s performed_in.|
|P131||sub-event||used to connect an event to a performance.||Derived from Schema.org and the Carnegie Hall Project.|
|P132||super-event||used to connect a performance to an event.||Derived from Schema.org and the Carnegie Hall Project.|
Note: If you would like to read a general description about data on Semantic Lab's Wikibase and various ways to query data, please see the home page for Semantic Lab’s Wikibase.
General E.A.T. Project Data
All records associated with the E.A.T. + LOD Project
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yjqjm9jq
All people associated with the E.A.T. + LOD Project
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yhsxvcyj
All artworks associated with the E.A.T. + LOD Project
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yezg3jbr
All events associated with the E.A.T. + LOD Project
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yew6c7ar
Example Research Questions and Queries
Question: What are all of Robert Rauschenberg’s works within this Wikibase?
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yemjrecw
Question: Who were all of the performers of the piece Pelican?
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/ydlnbyzl
Question: What performances did Deborah Hay perform in?
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yz7za5a8
Question: In what performances did Robert Rauschenberg and Alex Hay perform together?
SPARQL Query: https://tinyurl.com/yk2dvm9b